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Old 21st September, 2002, 02:28 AM
mookydooky's Avatar
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WinXP FAQ

This is a work in progress. If anyone would care to make any suggestions, please post.

Thanks,

Mook.

Windows XP FAQ:

Features:

Minimum Requirements:

PC with 233MHz processor clock speed required; Intel Pentium/Celeron family, AMD K6/Athlon/Duron family, or compatible processor recommended

64MB RAM minimum supported (may limit performance and some features)

1.5GB of available hard disk space

Super VGA (800 × 600) resolution video adapter and monitor

CD-ROM or DVD drive

Keyboard and Microsoft Mouse or compatible pointing device

Recommended Minimum Configuration (unclemojo)

PC with 500MHz clockspeed Intel Pentium III/Celeron family, AMD Athlon/Duron family, or compatible processor recommended

128MB Ram SDRAM PC133

4.0 GB of available hard disk space


The following OSes can be upgraded to WinXP Home.

Windows 98/Windows 98 SE
Windows Me

The following OSes can be upgraded to WinXP Pro.

Windows 98/Windows 98 SE
Windows Me
Windows NT 4.0 (SP6 and later)
Windows 2000 Professional
Windows XP Home Edition

Win XP Pro incorporates all the features of WinXP Home with the following additions:

Greater security, including the ability to encrypt your files and folders, using NTFS file system, which allows you encrypt individual files or folders for local security.

Access control. User(s) with Administrator privileges can limit access to resources, including files and directories.

Remote Desktop. Remotely access your Windows XP Professional PC, from another Windows PC, so you can work with all of your data and applications while away from your PC.

Offline Files and Folders. You have access to files & folders on a network share when disconnected from the server.

Multi-processor support. Windows XP Professional supports up to two microprocessors (Home Edition only supports a single processor).

Backup and Automated System Recovery (ASR). Another Professional only feature is the ability to "ASR-enable" your backups. An ASR-restore can be triggered from Setup, which allows you to return your system to its previous state. ASR is useful when hardware (for example a hard disk) needs to be replaced.

Domain membership. Windows XP Professional can be used to logon to a Windows Server domain.

Group Policy. This simplifies the administration of groups of users or computers, and is not supported on Home Edition since Home Edition cannot be used to logon to a Windows Server domain.

Roaming User Profiles. Let you access all your documents and settings no matter where you log on.

Remote Installation Service (RIS). Windows XP Professional includes support for remote operating system installations where desktops can be installed across the network.

Software Installation and Maintenance. Windows XP Professional supports automatic install, configure, repair, or remove of software applications.

Multi-lingual User Interface (MUI). Let you change the user interface language to get localized dialog boxes, menus, help files, dictionaries, and proofing tools etc. all in a single install.

Internet Information Services. Windows XP Professional includes the IIS Web server 5.1 software.

Source: http://www.windows-help.net/WindowsXP/home-vs-pro.html


Clean Install Using Upgrade CD?
One of the most frequently asked questions is whether it is possible to do a clean install using an upgrade version. The answer is yes. At some point during setup, Windows XP will ask you to insert your qualifying media, to ensure that you are eligible for the upgrade. The media must be a retail Windows 98, 98 Second Edition, Millennium Edition, NT 4.0, or 2000 CD-ROM, be it an Upgrade or Full version. You cannot, however, use a rescue CD that you got from a PC maker.
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Last edited by mookydooky; 22nd September, 2002 at 05:47 AM.
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Old 21st September, 2002, 02:59 AM
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WinXP Tweaks

UI Tweaks

Rename desktop icons

You can easily rename various Desktop (System Icons).

Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT. Navigate to the following Registry branch:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Curre ntVersion\Explorer\CLSID

The Desktop Icons are located in the sub keys as follows:

My Network Places: {208D2C60-3AEA-1069-A2D7-08002B30309D}
My Computer: {20D04FE0-3AEA-1069-A2D8-08002B30309D}
My Documents: {450D8FBA-AD25-11D0-98A8-0800361B1103}
Recycle Bin:{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}
Default IE Icon: {871C5380-42A0-1069-A2EA-08002B30309D}

Double click the Default value in the above keys and enter the text you desire. Right click on the Desktop and select Refresh to see the changes.

To undo the changes, just right click on the Default value and select Delete. Refresh the Desktop to see that things are back to normal.

Show file extensions
In any folder that contains files. Click on the tools menu and select folder options.
Then click on the view tab.
Locate where it lists Hide extensions of known file types and uncheck it.
Click OK

Remove Shared Doc's from My Computer
Start regedit
Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SOFTWARE/Microsoft/Windows/
CurrentVersion/Explorer/MyComputer/NameSpace/DelegateFolders.
Locate the key {59031a47-3f72-44a7-89c5-5595fe6b30ee}.
Right click on it and select delete.
Reboot!

Show hidden files
In any folder that contains files. Click on the tools menu and select folder options.
Then click on the view tab.
Locate where it lists Hidden files and folders and select Show hidden files and folders.
Click OK.

Disable CD autoplay, completely, in Windows XP Pro

1) Click Start, Run and enter GPEDIT.MSC
2) Go to Computer Configuration, Administrative Templates, System.
3) Locate the entry for Turn autoplay off and modify it as you desire.

Removes the 'Comments?' tag
Removes the 'Comments?' tag from every window. Remember, after applying the following Registry hacks.
Download the registry file - HERE
Reboot your computer!

CopyTo/MoveTo - reg file
Add entires on the right click menu above the SendTo option -
Download the registry file - HERE
Reboot !

No Splashscreen for Outlook Express
Removes the Splashscreen for Outlook Express -
Download the registry file - HERE
Reboot !

Sort your start menu
Open your main menu
Slect a program
Right Click and choose "Sort by Name"

Dont Cache Folder Thumbnails
To make folders with thumbnail images start up faster
Go to control panel and then folder options
Click on the view tab and Uncheck "Do not cache thumbnails"

Create your own popup menu in the TASK BAR
You can create your own popup window other than START MENU in the taskbar.
Put all the shortcuts to the applications that you want to popup in a folder .
Then you right click on taskbar -->toolbars -->new toolbar --> and select the folder

System Performance Tweaks

Speed up Diskcache
Open Regedit
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/ControlSession/ Manager/MemoryManagement/IoPageLockLimit];
Modify the value in Hex depending on the size of your RAM
RAM: modified value(Hex)
64M: 1000;
128M: 4000;
256M: 10000;
512M or more: 40000.
Reboot.

Disable Programs at Start Up
Go to start - run
Type "msconfig" (no quotes)
Go to the tab "Startup"
Untick anything you dont want starting when XP boots up
Reboot

Easily Disable Messenger
Go into C:Program FilesMessenger
rename the Messenger folder to something like "MessengerOFF"
This does not slow down Outlook or hinder system performance

Speed up Network Browsing
Open up regedit
Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/Current Version/Explorer/RemoteComputer/NameSpace
Find a key named {D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF}
Right click on it and delete it
Reboot !

XP memory tweaks

Below are some Windows XP memory tweaks. They are located in the windows registry at: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Control/ SessionManager/MemoryManagement

DisablePagingExecutive - When enabled, this setting will prevent the paging of the Win2k Executive files to the hard drive, causing the OS and most programs to be more responsive. However, it is advised that people should only perform this tweak if they have a significant amount of RAM on their system (more than 128 MB), because this setting does use a substantial portion of your system resources. By default, the value of this key is 0. To enable it, set it to 1.

LargeSystemCache - When enabled (the default on Server versions of Windows 2000), this setting tells the OS to devote all but 4 MB of system memory (which is left for disk caching) to the file system cache. The main effect of this is allowing the computer to cache the OS Kernel to memory, making the OS more responsive. The setting is dynamic and if more than 4 MB is needed from the disk cache for some reason, the space will be released to it. By default, 8MB is earmarked for this purpose. This tweak usually makes the OS more responsive. It is a dynamic setting, and the kernel will give up any space deemed necessary for another application (at a performance hit when such changes are needed). As with the previous key, set the value from 0 to 1 to enable. Note that in doing this, you are consuming more of your system RAM than normal. While LargeSystemCache will cut back usage when other apps need more RAM, this process can impede performance in certain intensive situations. According to Microsoft, the "[0] setting is recommended for servers running applications that do their own memory caching, such as Microsoft SQL Server, and for applications that perform best with ample memory, such as Internet Information Services."

IOPageLockLimit - This tweak is of questionable value to people that aren't running some kind of server off of their computer, but we will include it anyway. This tweak boosts the Input/Output performance of your computer when it is doing a large amount of file transfers and other similar operations. This tweak won't do much of anything for a system without a significant amount of RAM (if you don't have more than 128 MB, don't even bother), but systems with more than 128 MB of RAM will generally find a performance boost by setting this to between 8 and 16 MB. The default is 0.5 MB, or 512 KB. This setting requires a value in bytes, so multiply the desired number of megabytes * 1024 * 1024. That's X * 1048576 (where X is the number, in megabytes). Test out several settings and keep the one which seems to work best for your system

Internet Tweaks

Allow more than 2 simultaneous downloads in IE 6
This is to increase the the number of max downloads to 10.

1. Start Registry Editor
2. Locate the following key in the registry:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/InternetSettings
3. On the Edit menu, click Add Value , and then add the following registry values:
"MaxConnectionsPer1_0Server"=Dword:0000000a
"MaxConnectionsPerServer"=Dword:0000000a
4. Quit Registry Editor.
Reboot

DNS Cache Tweak
This registry patch increases the DNS cache in XP, and will add an improvent in Internet speed.
Download the registry file - HERE
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Last edited by mookydooky; 22nd September, 2002 at 01:08 AM.
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Old 21st September, 2002, 03:00 AM
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Enable mIRC identd
Ident needs to use port 113 , if you use "Internet Connection Firewall" in XP. Here is how to get it working without disabling the entire firewall:
1. Go into Control Panel-> Network Connections
2. Right click "Local Area Network" and select "Properties"
3. Left click the advanced tab
4. Left click the settings button
5. Under services, left click the add button
6. For description type "Ident", for Name of IP put the name that identifies your system with your ISP OR your IP if it is static.
7. Both external and internal ports are 113 by default and TCP.
8. Click OK all the way out.

Disable Schedule Task in IE
IE 6.0 wants to run a schelduled task everytime it connects to a server. This results in slower browsing.
To disable this delete the following key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/

explorer/RemoteComputer/NameSpace/{D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF}

Get rid of Internet Browsing history
Launch Internet Explorer.
Select the Tools from the menu bar.
Then select Internet Options... from the drop down menu.
Once the internet options has loaded click on the general tab.
Under the history section change the days to keep in history to 0.
I would also click the clear history button to get rid of everything else.
Click OK

Clear temp files on close
The latest versions of internet explorer include some great new security improvements. For this tweak I will talk about the feature that clear the temporary internet files each time you close internet explorer.
Launch Internet Explorer.
Select the Tools from the menu bar.
Then select Internet Options... from the drop down menu.
Once the internet options has loaded click on the advanced tab.
Under security find where it says Empty Temporary internet files folder when browser is closed and check it.
Click OK

Change Web Page Font Size on the Fly
If your mouse contains a wheel for scrolling, you can change font size on the fly when viewing a Web page. To do so:
Press and hold Ctrl. Scroll down (or towards yourself) to enlarge the font size. Scroll up (or away from yourself) to reduce the font size.

Disable or Adjust Taskbar Grouping
Right Click on the Taskbar. Choose Properties . Untick Group similar taskbar buttons

Adding .com easily - Quick URL's
Just type cnn in the address bar
Now press Ctrl + Enter
This adds the http:// and the .com to the cnn.

Clear pagefile on shutdown
For added security you should always clear the page file upon shutting down your computer. Windows uses this file as extra ram. Lets say that you are working on a confidential MS Word doc. When you load this document it is loaded into ram. To save ram windows places certain items in the page file. The page file can then be opened and the document can be extracted as well as any other open program or files. However Microsoft has implemented a feature that will clear the page file but they do not have it enabled by default. Please note, this will slightly increase the amount of time it takes to shut down your computer but it is well worth it.

Start Regedit.
Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE > SYSTEM > CurrentControlSet > Control > SessionManager > Memory Management
Select ClearPageFileAtShutdown from the list on the right.
Right on it and select Modify.
Change the value to 1 to enable.
Reboot your computer

Disable error reporting
One feature that I can do without is error reporting. Every time a program crashes I do not want to send a report to microsoft. Read below to find out how to disable this stupid feature.
Open Control Panel
Click on Preformance and Maintenance.
Click on System.
Then click on the Advanced tab
Click on the error reporting button on the bottom of the windows.
Select Disable error reporting.
Click OK

Display message on startup
If you would like to display a legal message or any other message in a pop-up window when windows starts read below:
Start regedit. Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SOFTWARE/Microsoft/WindowsNT/CurrentVersion/Winlogon
Modify the key legalnoticecaption with what you want to name the window.
Modify the key legalnoticetext with what you want the window to say.
Reboot..

Turn off system beeps
If those beeps annoy you there is a way to turn them off
Start Regedit.
Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER > Control Panel > Sound
Once there, locate Beep on the list on the right.
Right click on it and select Modify
Change the value equal to no
Reboot your computer and the beeps will be gone!

Enable Hibernation
Click on the start button and select turn off computer.
Then hold down the shift key and the hibernate button will be shown.
Click it and your computer will enter into hibernation.

Create a shortcut to lock computer
Right click on desktop and select new -> shortcut.
Then copy and paste this in the program location box "rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation"
Click next and enter a name for you shortcut and then click finish.
Now you can copy and paste that shortcut anywhere you want on your computer.

Use the group policy tool to restrict access
If you would like to play computer god and limit or control just about every aspect of your computer you can use a great tool called the group policy editor.
Click Start and select Run
Type gpedit.msc in the text box and click on OK.
The group policy editor will load. Navigate through the folders and you will discover hundreds of items that you can limit access to and control.

Media Player 8 High encoder
Allows MP3 ripping at a higher Rate.
Download - HERE

Regedit stays expanded
Open Regedit
HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/Applets/Regedit and look for the value LastKey. Double-click it and clear the string.
Then right-click the Regedit key (in the lefthand pane) and select Permissions.
Set Permissions to Deny for any/all users/groups

Speed up Nero in XP
Go to "administrative tools" in the control panel, and in the "services" list, disable the IMAPI CD-Burning COM service.
(Note: manual setting is not enough it must be disabled) It is the built-in CD-burning capability for windowsXP (incidentally, written by Roxio).
Once it is disabled, Nero will start up much quicker.

Source: Tweaks from www.xp-erience.org
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Last edited by mookydooky; 21st September, 2002 at 04:18 AM.
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Old 21st September, 2002, 03:13 AM
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Speeding up Boot-Up time.

Improve Boot Performance
Microsoft has a small program available for download [329KB] called BootVis.exe Tool. It is a performance trace visualization tool for use with Windows XP systems.

Locking Your Computer
In the past, locking your computer required you to press Ctrl+Alt+Del (Windows NT/2000). In Windows XP this will bring up the Windows Task Manager.... but doesn't give you an option to lock your computer. In Windows XP it's as easy as pressing Winkey + L..... But there is a catch... When you have Fast User Switching enabled, this will just bring up the Logon screen. To Disable Fast User Switching, open User Accounts from the Control Panel. Click Change the way users log on or off and un-check Use Fast User Switching.

Repair Internet Explorer

The only way to repair Internet Explorer is to have sfc check the system files by running the command sfc /scannow from the Command Window (Start > Run).

If a repair doesn't do the trick, you can try a reinstall: Run:

rundll32.exe setupapi,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %windir%\Inf\ie.inf

Restore Toolbars in Internet Explorer and/or Windows Explorer

While the cause is not known, the following values in the Registry can become corrupted, making the toolbar, address bar and other tool bars disappear in Internet Explorer and/or Windows Explorer.

The fix is simple. Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT Next, Navigate to:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Toolbar

There are 3 sub keys: Explorer, ShellBrowser, WebBrowser'

In each of these sub-keys is the entry for ITBarLayout

For IE Toolbars: The WebBrowser Sub-key directly affects IE.
For Windows Explorer Toolbars: The Explorer Sub-key directly affects Explorer.
The ShellBrowser sub-key may affect IE as well. Its effect on IE and Windows Explorer is unknown at this time, so if the first option doesn't work, delete the ITBarLayout value here as well.

Choose the relevant sub-key and right click where it says ITBarLayout and select Delete.

The deleted value will automatically be recreated for you.

You may want to right click on the main key (above) and select Export. This will allow you to backup the contents of the whole key, including subkeys.

How to do a repair install

Configure your computer to start from the CD-ROM drive. For more information about how to do this, please refer to your computer's documentation or contact your computer manufacturer.

Insert your Windows XP compact disc (CD) into your CD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM drive, and then restart your computer.

(You can also boot with a Windows 98/Me Startup disk with CD support and run WINNT.EXE in the I386 folder on the CD)

When the "Press any key to boot from CD" message is displayed on your screen, press a key to start your computer from the Windows XP CD.

When you see the following message displayed on the Welcome to Setup screen, press ENTER:

To setup Windows XP now, press ENTER.

At this point an option to press R to enter the Recovery Console is displayed. Do not select this option.

On the Windows XP Licensing Agreement screen, press F8 to agree to the license agreement.

Make sure that your current installation of Windows XP is selected in the box, and then press the R key to repair Windows XP.

Follow the instructions on the screen to complete Setup.
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Last edited by mookydooky; 22nd September, 2002 at 12:55 AM.
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Old 21st September, 2002, 04:29 AM
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Re: Re: WinXP FAQ

Shut off unnecessary services.

Here's a short description of services and what they do and which ones are safe to disable or set to manual.

You can access the services menu from Control Panel>Administrative Tools>Services.

Alerter (DISABLE) -Notifies users of administrative alerts Not really required under normal circumstances.

Application Layer Gateway Service (MANUAL) -Used for Assign Publish and Remove software services. Some people "may" need this. I have it disabled, and I'm doing fine. You should set this to manual, and if an application needs this service, it will start, otherwise it will not.

Automatic Updates (DISABLE) -Used to check up to see if there is any critical or otherwise updates available for download. You can go to windowsupdate.microsoft.com to update, and I would rather do that!

Background Intelligent Transfer Service (MANUAL) -Used to transfer asynchronous data via http1.1 servers. Who need's it? (UPDATE)More people than you know! I got an email from Crystal, the person I told you about a few mins ago, and she say's disabling the Background Intelligent Transfer Service is not necessarily wise as more programs than you realize actually use this service. As well, RPC Locator That is important.

ClipBook (DISABLE) -Used to store information (cut/paste) and share it with other computers.

COM+ Event System (DISABLE) -I am unaware of any application that uses COM+ but if set to Manual, many services report to it, so it will start anyway.

COM+ System Application (DISABLE) -Same as COM+ Event System

Computer Browser (DISABLE) -Maintains a listing of computers located on the network This service is not needed on a standalone system. If you go to a lan party or you share files on your home network you might want to turn this on.

Cryptographic Services (Automatic) -Basicly it confirms signatures of Windows files You may always get a dialog box complaining about uncertified drivers if this is disabled. Keep it enabled in order to download updates from windowsupdate.microsoft.com

DHCP Client (DISABLE) -Receives a Dynamic IP address from your DHCP server. If you have a static ip (An ip that doesn't change) then you could turn this service off. If your on 56k or have a dynamic ip, leave it as it is.

Distributed Link Tracking Client (DISABLE) -Maintains links with NTFS files within your computer or across a domain. I don't think many people would have a use for this.

Distributed Transaction Coordinator (DISABLE) -Takes care of transactions that span multiple resources. Don't ask, because I don't know I have had it disabled without any problems though.

DNS Client (Automatic) -Resolves DNS names and Active Directory domain controller functions. I have found that surfing the web is slower with this disabled. ie. takes longer to look up dns names with this off. It might just be my computer, you can test it for yourself if you would like.

Error Reporting Service (DISABLE) -Phone homes to Microsoft when application errors occurs. I think it's a security and privacy breach. Disable this!

Event Log (Automatic) -This allows Event Log messages from applications to be viewed in Event Viewer. You should keep this enabled, I have found that the system act's weird when it's disabled. I have also gotten an email from a user saying this: "Service is need for diskeeper defrag and remote access, auto connection manager plus remote access connection manager is needed for Pal a compuserve connection to work". Thanks for input!

Fast User Switching Compatibility (Automatic) -What? yeah.. I have it enabled because I like my hacked logon screen If you disable this, it takes you back to the old Windows 2000 logon screen

Fax Service (DISABLE) -Not installed by default, so don't enable it leave it disabled.

FTP Publishing Service (DISABLE) -Used to provide a FTP server on your network.

Help and Support (DISABLE) -ah I hate this one..it uses a lot of resources.. disable it! Also, it will enable itself if you click on Help in the start menu or if you hit F1, so watch it.

Human Interface Device Access (DISABLE) -If some of your peripherals stop working, set this to automatic.

IIS Admin (DISABLE) -Usually used in conjunction with local web site or FTP servers.

IMAPI CD-Burning COM Service (DISABLE) -Used for the Built-in windows xp CD burn capability. I rather use Nero Burning rom.

Indexing Service (DISABLE) -This is a no no! This thing is a resource hog, and will slow your pc a lot.

Internet Connection Firewall and Internet Connection Sharing (MANUAL) -If your sharing your Internet access with other users on your network, leave this alone. If not, set it to manual.

IPSEC Services (DISABLE) -The average user doesn't need this enabled, but if you are paranoid about security, enable this feature.

Logical Disk Manager (DISABLE) -Vital to run the Disk Management MMC console for dynamic volumes.

Logical Disk Manager Administrative Service (DISABLE) -Same as above

Message Queuing (DISABLE) -Not installed, leave it like that, or disable it.

Message Queuing Triggers (DISABLE) -Not installed, leave it like that, or disable it.

Messenger (DISABLE) -Sends messages between clients and servers.

MS Software Shadow Copy Provider (DISABLE) -Used in conjunction with the Volume Shadow Copy Service.

Net Login (DISABLE) -Used for logging onto a Domain Controller.

NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing (DISABLE) -Bad Bad Bad! Big security risk if you ask me!

Network Connections (Automatic) -My network setup requires it. Set it to disabled, and if your internet works leave it, if not enable it.

Network DDE (DISABLE) -Unless you use Clipbook service, don't enable it

Network DDE DSDM (DISABLE) -Same as above

Network Location Awareness (NLA) (MANUAL) -Required for use with the Internet Connection Sharing Service.

NT LM Security Support Provider (DISABLE) -Not needed unless you are running Message Queuing or Telnet server
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Last edited by mookydooky; 21st September, 2002 at 02:42 PM.
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Old 21st September, 2002, 04:30 AM
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Performance Logs and Alerts (DISABLE) -Collects performance data on a schedule and sends the information to a log or triggers an alert.

Plug and Play (Automatic) -You'll need this! If you upgrade or change out hardware, this detects it!

Portable Media Serial Number (DISABLE) -Retrieves serial numbers from portable music players connected to your computer. Disable it unless something of yours ceases to function properly.

Print Spooler (Automatic) -I usually have this disabled until I use my printer. If you don't ever use a printer, you can disable it.

Protected Storage (DISABLE/Auto?) -Allows for the saving of local passwords or even web sites information (AutoComplete.) Don't disable if you use Autocomplete, otherwise for increase performance and extra security disable it! Had a guy name Kevin email me and told me that if you have MSN you will need to set this to auto.

QoS RSVP (DISABLE) -Provides traffic control on a network using IPSEC and applications that support QoS, plus have an adapter that supports it.

Remote Access Auto Connection Manager (DISABLE/Manual) -Creates a connection to a network when a program requests a remote address. If things cease to function after disabling this service, put it to manual. (UPDATE) I have gotten word that this service along with the service below, are needed for 56k and dailup connections. If you have a dailup connection set this to manual. If you have problems, set it to automatic.

Remote Access Connection Manager (DISABLE/Manual) -Same as above.

Remote Desktop Help Session Manager (DISABLE) -This is a security risk, turn it off!

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) (Automatic) -Critical! Leave this set to Automatic. Just about everything depends on this service to be running.

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator (DISABLE) -Manages the RPC name service database. I have not found a reason to keep this service running. If something on your network breaks after you disable this service, put it back to Manual or Automatic.

Remote Registry Service (DISABLE) -Yet, another security risk. Turn this off! This allows remote users access to your registry!

Removable Storage (DISABLE) -Used for managing removable media. Disable this service if you do not have items like tape backup devices, etc. If your CD ROM/DVD Drive starts acting funny, place this service into Automatic. Normally, this service is not needed.

Routing and Remote Access (DISABLE) -Nobody needs this, turn it off unless you know what it is.

Secondary Logon (DISABLE) -There is no use for this really..

Security Accounts Manager (DISABLE) -This is like Protected Storage, it's a security risk and needs to be turned off.

Server (DISABLE) -If you share files, internet, or printers across a network, leave this alone. Otherwise disable it.

Shell Hardware Detection (Automatic) -Used for the auto play of devices like memory cards, etc. Some laptops need this, for their docking station.. This also disable Autoplay tab for CD/DVD tabs. After I disabled it every time I put a disc into the drive a folder view opened up. There was no Autoplay tab to make adjustments to. Re enabled the service and poof the options back.

Smart Card (DISABLE) -If you do not have a "Smart Card," or you do not know what a Smart Card is, you do not need this service running.

Smart Card Helper (DISABLE) -Read above

SSDP Discovery Service (DISABLE) -DISABLE IT! Even Microsoft says it's a security risk!

System Event Notification (DISABLE) -Used in conjunction with COM+ Event System, this service notifies particular services when system events, such as logon and power events occurs.

System Restore Service (DISABLE/Automatic) -Choice is your's. I have had mine enabled.. but it's disabled now. If you use it, then leave it alone. (Remember we made a backup earlier with System Restore, so keep this enabled for now!)

Task Scheduler (DISABLE) -Disable this, it uses resources.. If you have some Anti-virus software like Norton, it may depend on this service to run auto virus scans, every week or something.. So the choice is yours.

TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper Service (DISABLE) -Legacy support for NetBios over TCP/IP. If your network does not use NetBios, disable this function. (This is a security risk, disable it)

Telephony (DISABLE/Automatic) -If you dialup to the Internet like with 56k, ect.. Leave this alone. However if you got Cable, DSL with router, LAN connection disable it. A guy named Craig, emailed me and told me that if your dsl is PPPoE, then you need to turn this service on. However, if your DSL goes thru your router, like myself, you can disable this service.

Telnet (DISABLE) -Allows remote login to the local computer via the telnet function. DISABLE this! Security risk!

Terminal Services (Automatic) -Allows remote login to the local computer. This service is Required for Fast User Switching, Remote Desktop and Remote Assistance. Since I have Fast User Switching on, I had to enable it.

Themes (Automatic) -Used to display all those pretty new XP themes and colors on your desktop. If you don't like the pretty stuff, disable this. I have a nice theme I downloaded, so I enabled this.

Uninterruptible Power Supply (DISABLE) -If you don't know what it is, disable it! I never hook my UPS up to my box :/

Universal Plug and Play Device Host (DISABLE) -Used in conjunction with SSDP Discovery Service, it detects and configures UPnP devices on your home network. Disable it for security reasons!

Upload Manager (Manual) -If your using the Windows XP builtin firewall or you are using Internet Connection Sharing, you should turn this service to manual. If you are not using either of these, you can DISABLE this service.

Volume Shadow Copy (DISABLE) -Used in conjunction with the MS Software Shadow Copy Provider Service. MS Backup also uses these services.

WebClient (DISABLE) -No need for it, disable it.

Windows Audio (Automatic) -If you like your audio on you computer leave this alone. Hey, if you don't like audio, turn it off and save some ram

Windows Image Acquisition (WIA) (Automatic) -Used for some scanners and cameras. My camera requires this service :/ If, after Disabling this service, your scanner or camera fails to function properly, enable this service.

Windows Installer (Automatic) -This service is required for software applications that install using MSI files. Set this to Manual.

Windows Management Instrumentation (Automatic) -Remote Procedure Call (RPC) requires this to be enabled!

Windows Management Instrumentation Driver Extension (Automatic) -Same as above.

Windows Time (DISABLE) -Automatically sets your clock by contacting a server on the internet. Hey, if something contacts someone behind my back, I want know part of it! Disable it!

Wireless Zero Configuration (DISABLE) -Automatic configuration for wireless network devices. If you do not have any wireless network devices in use, Disable this service. If your not sure, then you probably don't need this service.

WMI Performance Adapter (DISABLE) -I have not found a use for this service. It's safe to turn it off.

Workstation (Automatic) -Just leave this alone, it's almost a critical service!


Source: www.overclockersclub.com
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Old 21st September, 2002, 04:31 AM
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Microsoft Powertoys for WinXP

Alt-Tab replacement allows you to see a preview of a page before switching tasks. Handy if you have multiple windows of the same program open.

Creates a "Open Command Window Here" option in file system folders.

TweakUI let you change various UI features.

Power Calculator is a more powerful calculator than the one that comes with WinXP.

Image Resizer lets you resize images with a right click.

Slide Show generator. Lets you create a slideshow from images on a CD.

Virtual Desktop Manager let you have up to 4 virtual desktops.

Taskbar Magnifier lets you magnify parts of the desktop from the taskbar.

HTML Slideshow Wizard lets you create an HTML slideshow for your website.

Webcam Timershot lets you take webcam pix at specific time intervals and save them to a location you designate.
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Old 21st September, 2002, 04:31 AM
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WinXP Run Box Shortcuts

You want what you want when you want it -- and usually, you want it immediately. That's what being a power user is all about, right? Here are 12 handy shortcuts you can type into your XP run menu to get the utilities you want and need. (Note: Some of these only work in XP Pro.)

control
Opens your control panel

clipbrd
Opens your clipboard viewer

wordpad
Opens a handy text editor

compmgmt.msc
Computer management

devmgmt.msc
Device manager

diskmgmt.msc
Disk management

dfrg.msc
Disk defrag

eventvwr.msc
Event viewer

fsmgmt.msc
Shared folders

gpedit.msc
Group policies

lusrmgr.msc
Local users and groups

perfmon.msc
Performance monitor

rsop.msc
Resultant set of policies

secpol.msc
Local security settings

services.msc
Services
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Old 21st September, 2002, 04:32 AM
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WinXP Keyboard Shortcuts.

Keyboard Shortcuts.

Windows
Display or hide the Start menu.

Windows+BREAK
Display the System Properties dialog box.

Windows+D
Minimizes all Windows and shows the Desktop

Windows+L
Takes you back to the login screen.

Windows+E
Open Windows Explorer

Windows+F
Search for a file or folder.

Windows+F1
Display Windows Help.

Windows+M
Minimize or restore all windows.

Windows+R
Open the Run dialog box.

Windows+TAB
Switch between open items.

Windows+U
Open Utility Manager

ALT+- (ALT+hyphen)
Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window's System menu.

ALT+ENTER
View properties for the selected item.

ALT+ESC
Cycle through items in the order they were opened.

ALT+F4
Close the active item, or quit the active program.

ALT+SPACEBAR
Display the System menu for the active window.

ALT+TAB
Switch between open items.

ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name
Display the corresponding menu.

BACKSPACE
View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer.

CTRL+A
Select all.

CTRL+B
Bold

CTRL+C
Copy.

CTRL+I
Italics

CTRL+O
Open an item.

CTRL+U
Underline

CTRL+V
Paste.

CTRL+X
Cut.

CTRL+Z
Undo.

CTRL+F4
Close the active document in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously.

CTRL while dragging an item
Copy selected item.

CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item
Create shortcut to selected item.

CTRL+RIGHT ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word.

CTRL+LEFT ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word.

CTRL+DOWN ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph.

CTRL+UP ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph.

CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys
Highlight a block of text.

DELETE
Delete.

SHIFT+DELETE
Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin.

ESC
Cancel the current task.

F1
Displays Help

F2
Rename selected item.

F3
Search for a file or folder.

F4
Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer.

F5
Refresh the active window.

F6
Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop.

F10
Activate the menu bar in the active program.

SHIFT+F10
Display the shortcut menu for the selected item.

CTRL+ESC
Display the Start menu.

Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu
Carry out the corresponding command.

RIGHT ARROW
Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu.

LEFT ARROW
Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu.

SHIFT with any of the arrow keys
Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document.

SHIFT when you insert a CD into the CD-ROM drive
Prevent the CD from automatically playing.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dialog box keyboard shortcuts

Shortcut Keys Function

CTRL+TAB
Move forward through tabs.

CTRL+SHIFT+TAB
Move backward through tabs.

TAB
Move forward through options.

SHIFT+TAB
Move backward through options.

ALT+Underlined letter
Carry out the corresponding command or select the corresponding option.

ENTER
Carry out the command for the active option or button.

SPACEBAR
Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box.

Arrow keys
Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons.

F1
Display Help.

F4
Display the items in the active list.

BACKSPACE
Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Windows Explorer keyboard shortcuts

Shortcut Keys Function
END
Display the bottom of the active window.

HOME
Display the top of the active window.

NUM LOCK+ASTERISK on numeric keypad (*)
Display all subfolders under the selected folder.

NUM LOCK+PLUS SIGN on numeric keypad (+)
Display the contents of the selected folder.

NUM LOCK+MINUS SIGN on numeric keypad (-)
Collapse the selected folder.

LEFT ARROW
Collapse current selection if it's expanded, or select parent folder.

RIGHT ARROW
Display current selection if it's collapsed, or select first subfolder.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Natural Keyboard shortcuts

You can use the following keyboard shortcuts with a Microsoft Natural Keyboard or any other compatible keyboard that includes the Windows logo key and the Application key.

Shortcut Keys Function

Windows
Display or hide the Start menu.

Windows+BREAK
Display the System Properties dialog box.

Windows+M
Minimize or restore all windows.

Windows+E
Open My Computer.

Windows+F
Search for a file or folder.

CTRL+ +F
Search for computers.

Windows+F1
Display Windows Help.

Windows+R
Open the Run dialog box.

Windows+TAB
Switch between open items.

Application key
Display the shortcut menu for the selected item.

Windows+U
Open Utility Manager
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Old 21st September, 2002, 04:32 AM
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Old 21st September, 2002, 04:33 AM
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Old 21st September, 2002, 04:34 AM
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Old 26th September, 2002, 02:12 AM
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Win2K Logon screen in WinXP

A tweak to revert to the logon screen like that in Windows 2000 and earlier Windows versions of Windows.

Before you start make a note of the Usernames on your computer and that your account has Administration rights.

1. Open My Computer
2. Click on Control Panel in the 'Other places' panel to your left.
3. Open User Accounts
4. Then click Change the way users log on or log off.
5. And click on Use the Welcome Screen so the Tick is no longer visible.
6. Lastly click Apply Changes

How to change IE title.

How to change the Internet Explorer tiltle?

1. start ->run-> gpedit.msc

2. choose User Configuration, Windows Settings, Internet Explorer Maintainance, Browser User Interface, and doubleclick Browser Title.

3. Activate Customize Title Bars, and type something in there. Doesn't matter what. Let's type: QWERTY. Click Okay.

4. Fire up Reg editor. (start, run, regedit)

5. goto HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main.

6. Look for the key: Window Title. There you'll find the value: Microsoft Internet Explorer provided bt QWERTY.

7. Change this key to anythig you like and exit regedit.

8. Fire up IE and look at the titlebar!

WinXP security: If you don't do steps 1 to 3, you won't find the Window Title key!

Rename the Recycle Bin

Open up your favorite plain text editor (notepad, for example) and copy the following text into a new file:

REGEDIT4

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}\ShellFolder]
"Attributes"=hex:50,01,00,20

"CallForAttributes"=dword:00000000

Now save this text file as a .reg file, such as "Rename Recycle Bin.reg" and put it wherever you like. Double click on the file, and when it asks you if you want to import it into the registry, choose Yes. You'll notice a new option in the right-click menu to Rename the Recycle Bin. You can also rename it by highlighing the Bin and hitting F2, or by highlighting it and clicking on the file name (just like renaming any other file.

If you want to turn off this new feature, make another .reg file with the same content as above, but change the first number in the "Attributes"=hex: line from 50 to 40 and import that file into the registry.

Change the web browser icon in the Start Menu.

To change the web browser icon in the Windows XP Start menu:

1. Click on "Start" and go to "Run..."
2. In the run dialog type "regedit"
3. Go to: "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Clients\StartMenuInter net\" by expanding the appropriate branches of the tree.
4. Select the web browser that you are currently using.
5. You can now modify the (default) key and rename the shortcut to whatever you want.
6. To change the icon expand the selected client and click on "DefaultIcon".
7. Change the (default) key to point to the icon file of your choice by double-clicking it. If you are going to use a file with multiple icons inside you should specify with a comma after the target the index number. (eg. C:\icons.exe, 2)
8. Reboot your computer for the changes to take effect.

Remove Recycle Bin from the desktop

Go to START > RUN

Type GPEDIT.MSC

Navagate to USER CONFIGURATION >ADMINISTRATIVE TEMPLATES >Click on DESKTOP,

On the right hand plane find " Remove Recycle Bin icon on the desktop "

Double left click on it to ENABLE it.

Re-Enable Folder Protection

Start Regedit.
Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Curre ntVersion\Explorer\
WebView\BarricadedFolders
Once there locate the folder that you want to turn the protection back on.
Right click on them and select Modify
Change the value to 1
Reboot your computer.

Remove "Shared Documents" Folder from My Computer

Start regedit.
Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\
CurrentVersion\Explorer\MyComputer\NameSpace\Deleg ateFolders.
Locate the key {59031a47-3f72-44a7-89c5-5595fe6b30ee}.
Right click on it and select delete.
After a reboot is is gone!

Enable Cleartype for Welcome Login Screen

Start regedit.
Navigate to HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop.
Locate the key FontSmoothingType.
Change the value to 2.
Restart.

Select theme and color scheme for login screen.

Start regedit.
Navigate to HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Cur rentVersion\ThemeManager
Locate the key NormalColor
Right Click on it and select modify.
Change where it says "NormalColor" to "Metallic"
Click Ok, and exit regedit
Restart

Source: www.tweakxp.com
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Old 22nd June, 2003, 10:31 AM
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Show hidden components in Windows Components Wizard
Locate the "sysoc.inf" file in the \WINDOWS\inf directory. (You may have to enable “show hidden files” and “show hidden/protected system folders” to find it)

Wherever you see
Code:
,hide,
remove the "hide" to make it
Code:
,,
Then save the file. Doing so will make formerly hidden items visible in the Windows Components list.




Enable a Details Tab in Each Device’s Properties Dialog Box
Click Start>>>Settings>>>Control Panel>>>System
Select the Advanced tab and click "Environment Variables"
Under the "System Variables" box click "New"

Variable Name:
Code:
DEVMGR_SHOW_DETAILS
Variable Value:
Code:
1

.
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Old 22nd June, 2003, 10:59 AM
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Heavy Duty Disk Cleanup
Click Start>>>Run and type
Code:
cleanmgr /sageset:1
In the Disk Cleanup Settings dialog box check the items you want cleaned then click OK.
To make Disk Cleanup run with the new settings click Start>>>Run and type
Code:
cleanmgr /sagerun:1


Enable file search to include all files in Windows XP
To make file searching faster Search only looks at registered files. To force Search to look through all file types go to
Code:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\
Control\ContentIndex
in Regedit and change the decimal value data for
Code:
FilterFilesWithUnknownExtensions
from 0 to 1


.
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Old 22nd June, 2003, 11:16 AM
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Enable viewing of previously attached (non-present) devices in Device Manager
By enabling this you will be able to see devices that were installed then removed. This can aid in cleaning out unused devices from your Device Manager. These non-present devices appear as half-opaque "ghost" icons.

Click Start>>>Settings>>>Control Panel>>>System
Select the Advanced tab and click "Environment Variables"
Under the "System Variables" box click "New"

Variable Name:
Code:
 DEVMGR_SHOW_NONPRESENT_DEVICES
Variable Value:
Code:
1

.
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